The most amazing Unesco World Heritage sites to visit in Spain
Our beloved country Spain has the third place holding the world heritage sites by UNESCO. The list recognizes not only places important for the culture, but also natural places.
Given the expansion of Spain this is amazing, and it only proves the greatness of this country. We have mentioned many of these sites in previous post. Usually we talk about beautiful places, cities, food, culture, beaches, but today we are going to get all your attention in showing you the most meaningful heritage sites around Spain in our eyes.
Spain has 46 World heritage sites after china with 52 and Italy with 53. Talking about all of them in one post is impossible so we picked only 6, we should talk about the most important cathedrals in spain here, but since we already wrote a post about “The Most Beautiful Cathedrals of Spain” we want to introduce you this time to other monuments that you can visit in Spain.
Archaeological Ensemble of Merida: The most impressive and extensive Roman archaeologist sites in Spain. The ruins holds a Roman theater, Roman amphitheater, Roman circus, Roman bridge, a couple of Aqueduct, important temples, the forum, and of course an entrance arch.
The city was an important Roman colony called Emerita Augusta founded 25 BC, and is today one of the best examples of a Roman city because the ancient ruins are extremely well preserved. If you travel to Merida, you can see how they lived, where they use to watch the gladiators games, you can even see where and how they use to bathe.
A plus of this place is that,Once a year, the Roman Theater is used for Merida Theater Festival. Yes, that means that you can go see some plays in the most magical place you can imagine of as is an authentic Roman theater. Do you like theatre and unique experiences?, if so, this is a must for you.
Cave of Altamira: There were originally 17 caves containing Paleolithic paintings from 35,000 to 11,000 years BC. The preservation of the cave of Altamira is mainly attributed to a deep isolation of the cave from the other world.
The cave was found by a little girl and his archaeologist father. Sadly the specialists never believe the authenticity of the paintings and even blamed him of sending someone to pain the cave. Later, the founding of more caves with similar characteristics made the scientific society rethink and recognize Altamira cave.
The cave remains closed to visitors because the paintings were being damaged by the carbon dioxide in visitors’ breath since 1977. It was reopened years later for fewer visitors, but they saw negative impact in the paintings for what they built a exact replica and a museum to allow visitor to see Altamira cave paintings without putting in danger this important archeological and cultural piece of art.
Aqueduct of Segovia: If you are visiting Madrid, and have time to explore other areas of Central Spain, you should travel to Segovia for a day tour, because this amazing structure, well deserves a visit.
Aqueduct Bridge built in the first century by the Romans to bring water to the city of Segovia from the river “Rio Frio” it worked until 19th century and that is one of the reasons for what we can see this amazing structure in good conditions.
The most amazing feature of this site is that the granite blocks used for the constructions are not mortared. Some arches were reconstructed by the Catholic Monarchs, since then the aqueduct is the most important site of the city along with the Castle.
Church of The Sagrada Familia: Barcelona is full of the most remarkable and unique pieces of architecture thanks to the genius and architect Antoni Gaudi. All his buildings are quite special and unique, but there is no doubt that there is one building that goes beyond and exceeds every thought of magnificence a person can have about a building.
The Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Sagrada Family in Barcelona started its construction in 1882, and by the time Gaudi died in 1926 it had reached only one quarter of the total project. Gaudi always said his client was not in a rush, and here we are a couple of years later seen this magnificent piece of architecture finally getting to and end.
The masterpiece of Gaudi is projected to finish construction in 2026, 100 years later after Gaudi died. Surprisingly, the fact that the cathedral has not being finished its construction has not been a problem for tourist from everywhere to come and see it. It is actually the most visited site of Barcelona and Spain.
Thanks to the money visitors pay to get inside. The foundation in charge of the planning and the construction are able to have more resources to finish the construction since the budget is merely private and has not any government founding.
Monastery of the Escorial: This place was designed by the king Philip II and the spanish architect Juan Bautista de Toledo, the king wanted a monument which represented the role of Spain as the center of the christianity in the 16 century. It has served as the royal palace and now days is the monastery of the order of Saint Augustine. It is the place were most of the kings of the last 500 years rest.
One of the peculiarities of the building is that the there us a believe that the building was a way to honor St Lawrence who was roasted to death on a grill in Rome. one of the reasons for this traditional beliefs is that the floorplan of the Escorial has gridiron shape.
La Alhambra: Is a fortress complex in Granada and by far the most representative monument of islamic architecture in Spain. When the catholic kings reconquered the south of Spain the Alhambra was occupied by the last muslim Emir in Spain.
Along the years they were adding more spaces to the already existing building the main characteristic is that they were very sensitive about the surroundings, integrating nature with the building, and that they respected the initial style of the building.
In the moorish times the interiors were decorated with fine arabesques details but later the Spanish monarchs ordered to redecorate some of the palaces and give them a renaissance style. The complex that we can visit today for the most part is the original, Sadly the Alhambra has been under earthquakes and wars what means that some specific parts of the buildings had been under restoration.
We hope you have liked our picks of the most amazing historic sites to see and visit in Spain. Maybe we have awakened a desire on you of knowing more about our 46 world heritage sites recognized by UNESCO and you come to visit some of them in your next trip.